A Vaccination That Gives Phobia Instead of Hope
A Vaccination That Gives Phobia Instead of Hope
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  • 승인 2021.10.28 21:46
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▲ source= learning-disability-practice
▲ source= learning-disability-practice

 Recently, a series of vaccination error cases have occurred nationwide, raising anxiety about the safety of vaccinations. As of September 8, a hospital in Guri was found to have inoculated 105 people with Pfizer vaccines that had expired. Including this case, in Pyeongtaek, Daegu, and Ulsan hospitals, the poor management of vaccines came under fire as medical staff inoculated individuals with expired vaccines. As vaccination accidents do not subside, so-called “Vaccine Phobia,” avoiding vaccinations, is spreading, mainly among young adults and middle-aged people who have begun to be vaccinated. Eventually, public opinion is also increasing that they will not be vaccinated at all.


▲ source= news.mt.co.kr

 Especially, the perception that it is better not to get vaccinated is widespread among young people. Because they have a low risk of  hospitalization and fatality, even if they get infected, they reason it is better to avoid getting vaccinated when it can cause adverse reactions. The rapid increase in the number of breakthrough infections is also one of the reasons why the 2030 generation is hesitant to be vaccinated. It means that there is a risk of exposure to COVID-19 even if people get vaccinated at the risk of side effects. An anonymous university student said, "I do not want to get a COVID-19 vaccine because I am scared of the side effects that occur after vaccination and the reality is that I cannot get compensation even if there are side effects."

 In the COVID-19-related Perception Survey conducted by the Ministry of Health & Welfare (MW) in August, 14.5% of the respondents said they were not willing to get the COVID-19 vaccine, up 6.6% from a month ago. The biggest reason for hesitating to be vaccinated against COVID-19 was "concerns about abnormal reactions to vaccinations" (81.6%). Common flu vaccines also have minor side effects after vaccination. These include muscle pain, headache, fever, and anaphylaxis (severe systemic allergic reaction). However, thrombosis, which is reported as an abnormal reaction after being vaccinated against COVID-19, causes cerebral infarction and myocardial infarction as the blood lump blocks blood vessels and blood cannot flow. Reports of these fatal side effects have instilled fear in people.

 Some people are doing the wrong things to prevent these side effects. As the COVID-19 vaccination rate increases, there are rumors that "people must take painkillers in advance before getting vaccinated."However, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that painkillers such as Brufen should not be taken before or after vaccination, saying that they may interfere with antibody formation. Doctors advised that people do not have to take it with a slight fever or slight body aches, and that it is most effective to take it according to the exact dosage when people have a fever of 38 degrees or higher or their body aches a lot. In addition, the Vaccine Phobia intensified as the false information about the COVID-19 vaccine spread.

Pfizer/Moderna vaccines change genes?

▲ Since RNA does not enter the nucleus containing human DNA, vaccines cannot change genetic information. (source= nature)
▲ Since RNA does not enter the nucleus containing human DNA, vaccines cannot change genetic information. (source= nature)

 The rumor that the COVID-19 vaccine changes DNA has heated up online and offline. Experts in the medical community of Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) and Ministry of Food and Drug Safety said, "RNA, a genetic material of vaccines, cannot change human genetic information." According to Professor Park Wan-beom of Infectious Diseases at Seoul National University Hospital, human genetic information exists in the form of DNA in the cell nucleus, and RNA injected by RNA vaccine acts outside the cell nucleus. He added, "Therefore, RNA of vaccine does not enter the nucleus containing human DNA, and it cannot change human genetic information because our cells remove the RNA of the vaccine after generating the protein."

Pfizer vaccine is unconditionally safer, and AstraZeneca (AZ) vaccine is a dangerous vaccine?
 In Korea, the AZ vaccine is in a controversy as some countries have suspended vaccinations for  people under 50, because of  rare cases of thrombosis occurring after the AZ vaccination. In fact, on June 21, a man in his 30s who was vaccinated with the AZ vaccine died of thrombosis. It has been argued that the Pfizer vaccine has no such side effects, but it is not true. Looking at the number of thrombosis occurrences, there is little difference between the AZ vaccine and the Pfizer vaccine. The mortality rate of inoculators is also not significantly different between AZ and Pfizer. According to the analysis results of the quarantine authorities, the frequency of these side effects is lower than that of most drugs people already use safely. 


“ Social fear caused by exaggerated or distorted information makes community cooperation difficult for quarantine authorities

to respond quickly and overcome the crisis. 
in a public statement about COVID-19 infection of 9 professional academic organizations in infectious diseases

 The perception that even if there are abnormal symptoms, it is difficult to prove the causal relationship with vaccination plays a role in the spread of Vaccine Phobia. Because the underlying disease and family history of each person have an effect, it is not certain that the side effects that appeared after inoculation are due to only vaccines. As of August 23, KDCA recognized causality only in 212 out of 1,833 reported cases and only 2 out of 536 reported cases of death. Chun Eun-mi, a professor of respiratory medicine at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, emphasized that it will be possible to reduce the anxiety of people by giving clear guidelines on how to cope with each side effect that may occur after vaccination.


 Quarantine experts point out that as the government focuses on increasing the vaccination rate of COVID-19, it has been lukewarm to respond to public anxiety over the side effects of the vaccine. Kim Woo-joo, a professor the medical school of Korea University, emphasized, "Half of the quarantine is communication. Testing, isolation, and treatment are important, but the government should transparently deliver correct information and create a communication channel for experts ." Rather than focusing on explaining the benefits of vaccination, the government needs active measures such as the stating the extent to which side effects of vaccines can be a problem, including how to respond to side effects, and establishing a sufficient compensation system.

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